1 4 CHAPTER - III EXPORT PERFORMANCE OF INDIA S GEMS AND JEWELLERY PRODUCTS IN THE GLOBAL MARKET Indian gems and jewellery industry has achieved a premier position in the global market. The products of India s exports of gems and jewellery are acknowledged all over the world for their exquisite craftsmanship. Modern state of the art machinery and computerised operations have lent a cutting edge to gems and jewellery manufacture. Over three million people are directly or indirectly employed in this industry. The industry is one of the important foundations of the export growth of India. It is not only a major exchange earner but also one of the fastest growing sectors. Realising enormous potential of the sector, the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India, declared gems and jewellery as thrust sector for export promotion. The Gem and Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC) is primarily involved in introducing the gems and jewellery products to the international market and promoting exports. To achieve this, the council provides market information to its members regarding foreign trade inquiries, trade and tariff regulations and import duties etc. India captured and increased proportion of this market, and at present, India is the world s leading diamond cutting and polishing centre. In recent times, India has increasingly held a dominant position in the global market in the cutting and polishing of diamond. It is said that 11 out 12 diamond sets in jewellery are cut and polished in India. India is accounting for 65 per cent share of the global polished diamond market in terms of value. Gold jewellery contributes 3 per cent and coloured gemstones and others contribute 2 per cent each, where as rough diamond contributes 3 per cent of total share. The industry is truly global one, with both suppliers and buyers from many different countries. (GJEPC, 21) 1 According to KPMG study, India s growing importance in global jewellery market is expected to reach US $ billion in 215. The Geological survey of India has stated that India has a great potential for
2 diamond deposits. Based on this and independent analysis, some of the diamond exploration companies are making efforts to make India another target destination for diamond exploration. Maharashtra features on the top in the list of potential states for diamond exploration. The present study is based on secondary data from the various published sources and on-line database. The country-wise growth rates and trend values have enabled us to identify the export potential countries into high, middle and low potential categories respectively for the Indian economy. And the product-wise and port-wise growth rates and trend values of these exports have been analysed in terms of value which show significant variations in the categories of the considered products. In addition, growth rates and trend values of gems and jewellery products exports from SEEPZ SEZ, Mumbai also have been analysed in terms of value. The study reveals that India s share in world exports has increased considerably. The study is an attempt to examine the position and growth of gems and jewellery products along with instability in exports. Table-3.1 clearly shows a comprehensive picture of Indian exports of gems and jewellery consisting of different dimensions during the study period to Column 2 of the Table vividly shows that national exports have been continuously increasing with per cent Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR). In addition, its annual trend values Rs. 39,974.6 crore are almost statistically significant at α =.1. Similarly, column 3 reveals total gems and jewellery exports with parenthetical as the percentage of total exports. The total gems and jewellery exports in absolute term is continuously increasing but with certain fluctuations. Its CAGR and trend values are per cent and Rs. 5, crore respectively. But their percentage share in total national exports shows minor decline from per cent to per cent during the study period. This decline is insignificant and not a matter of serious concern for industrial sector of Indian economy. Further, column 4 and 9 of the Table portray the diminishing rate of cut and polished diamonds and synthetic stones exports respectively in percentage with respect to total gems and jewellery exports. 41
4 43 Interestingly, exports of gold jewellery, non-gold jewellery and costume/ fashion jewellery are continuously increasing with negligible fluctuations. Moreover, exports of pearls and sales to foreign tourists are declining continuously and there is stagnation in the exports of pearls from 24-5 onwards. Column 6 shows that exports of coloured gemstones are on decline except during the year Column 12 displays so many fluctuations in exports of rough diamonds with 27.3 per cent CAGR and Rs trend values. To recapitulate briefly, diminishing trends in the exports of various products of gems and jewellery is a matter of concern to industrial sector of Indian economy and needs immediate attention. Table Growth Rates of the Exports of Gems and Jewellery Products during the Period to 29-1 Sr. No. Product Groups CAGR (Values in Rs. Crores) t-value R 2 F-value 1 Cut & Polished diamonds * Gold Jewellery * Coloured Gemstones * Pearls ** Non-Gold Jewellery * Synthetic Stones Costume/Fashion jewellery * Sales to Foreign Tourists * Rough Diamonds * Total * Source: Ibid., Table Note: * The coefficients are significant at α =.1. ** The coefficients are significant at α =.1.
5 Table-3.2 shows the compound annual growth rates of exports of various gems and jewellery products for the period to The study has trenchantly analysed that rough diamonds exports have the highest growth rate, i.e., 27.3 per cent followed by non-gold jewellery and gold jewellery with and 25.9 per cent CAGR respectively. The main reason behind such a high growth rate is the demand from major importing countries of the product like especially from Belgium followed by the USA, the UK, South Africa and Israel etc. The least growth rate has been shown by pearls, i.e., 1.63 per cent. The reason behind such a low growth rate may be that for foreigners their might be no astronomical value of this product as we find in Indian context. It is evident from the table that almost all growth rates have been found statistically significant at α =.1 per cent level of significance. Table 3.3 Trend Values of the Exports of Gems and Jewellery Products during the Period to Sr. No. Product Groups Trend Values (Values in Rs. Crores) t-value R 2 F-value 1 Cut & Polished diamonds * Gold Jewellery * Coloured Gemstones * Pearls Non-Gold jewellery * Synthetic Stones Costume/Fashion jewellery * Sales to Foreign Tourists * Rough Diamonds * Total * Source: Ibid., Table Note: * The coefficients are significant at α =.1. 44
6 Table-3.3 demonstrates the item-wise trend values of exports of gems and jewellery products for the period to The highest trend value (using least square method) of Rs. 3, crore as compared to the total trend value of Rs.5, crore is shown by cut and polished diamonds followed by gold jewellery and rough diamonds at the second and third place respectively with trend values of Rs. 1, and crore and statistically significant t-values of 7.4* and 1.78*. On the other hand, the least trend value, i.e., Rs..125 crore and.8* t-value has been displayed by synthetic stones. In conclusion, almost all the coefficients are statistically significant at α =.1 per cent level of significance. The trend value of above mentioned items is a good omen for the growth of Indian economy. Table-3.4 consists the indices and coefficients of variations of gems and jewellery products exports taken in the value terms during the period from to From the table it can be observed that the indices of the exports of various gems and jewellery products have increased tremendously over the study period. However, the indices of the value of cut and polished diamonds, gold jewellery, coloured gemstones, pearls, non-gold jewellery, synthetic stones, costume/fashion jewellery, sales to foreign tourists, rough diamonds and total of gems and jewellery products ranges from to , to 26.43, to , 4. to , to , to 8., to 4., to , to , 1.71 to , respectively. Further, the last row of the Table provides the coefficients of variations of the indices of value of exports of gems and jewellery products for the twenty years and it has been observed that the lowest coefficient of variations in the cut and polished diamonds and the highest coefficient of variations in the synthetic stones (range from to ). The highest coefficients of variations in the synthetic stones indicate the increase in the inequality of the exports and showing the presence of diversification of these products export. Such kind of empirical 45
7 46 Year Table Indices of Value of Exports of Gems and Jewellery Products during the Period to 29-1 Cut & Polished Diamonds Gold Jewellery Coloured Gemstones Pearls Non-Gold Jewellery Synthetic Stones Costume/ Fashion Jewellery Sales to Foreign Tourist (Value in Rs. Crores) Rough Total Diamonds C.V Source: Ibid., Table - 3.1
8 Figure 3.1 Indices of Value of Exports of Gems and Jewellery Products during the Period to 29-1 Index Value Cut and Polished Diamond Gold Jewellery Coloured Gem Stones Pearls Non-Gold Jewellery Synthtic Stones Costume/Fashion Jewellery Sales to Foreign Tourist Rough Diamonds Total Year Source: Ibid., Table 3.1
9 results of the exports indices is entirely useful in making the appropriate policies in the field of Indian exports of such products. The respective indices of gems and jewellery products explore a very high potentiality for the India s exports in the global market. Table-3.5 vividly reveals a comprehensive picture of India s port-wise exports of gems and jewellery comprising of different dimension during the study period to Column 2 of the table clearly shows that total gems and jewellery exports of ports have been continuously increasing with 12.6 per cent Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR). In addition, its annual trend values US $ 1, million are statistically significant at α =.1. Further, column 3 to 12 of the Table depicts the total gems and jewellery exports of ten ports. Column 8 shows that the diminishing rate of exports from Coimbatore in percentage with respect to total gems and jewellery exports of ports and in absolute term also. Its CAGR and trend values are per cent and US $ million. These ports (clusters) of gems and jewellery have been showing with figures in parentheses as percentages of total ports exports of gems and jewellery in fluctuating nature over the study period. The CAGR and trend values for these ports have also been statistically significant at α =.1. In this way, the Table represents the dynamic as well as progressive pattern of India s exports of various ports. Table-3.6 displays the compound annual growth rates of exports of gems and jewellery by various ports during the period to The study has trenchantly analysed that Kolkata has marked highest growth rate, i.e., per cent followed by Surat and Bangalore with and per cent CAGR respectively. The least growth rate has been shown by Mumbai, i.e., 1.55 per cent. It is evident from the Table that all growth rates have been found statistically significant at α =.1 per cent level of significance. 48
10 Table 3.5 India s Exports of Gems and Jewellery Products (port-wise) during the Period to 29-1 (Values in US $ Million) Year Total Mumbai New Delhi Jaipur Chennai Cochin Coimbatore Bangalore Kolkata Surat Hyderabad (94.28) (2.73) (2.72) (.21) (.1) (.3) (94.13) (2.74) (2.59) (.31) (.2) (.18) (.6) (95.16) (2.38) (1.92) (.25) (.2) (.26) (.1) (94.97) (3.1) (1.35) (.23) (.2) (.32) (.1) (94.4) (2.93) (1.8) (.31) (.3) (.53) (.7) (93.55) (3.26) (1.93) (.42) (.5) (.74) (.1) (91.77) (91.9) (92.6) (93.23) (91.31) (89.81) (9.51) (85.65) (84.55) (84.81) (81.45) (83.43) (61.78) (54.27) CAGR 12.6 (25.53*) Trend Values (9.63*) 1.55 (23.46*) (13.2*) (4.74) (4.55) (3.84) (2.95) (3.9) (3.77) (3.51) (4.27) (4.46) (2.88) (2.75) (2.19) (7.76) (9.41) 15.9 (11.9*) (4.7*) (2.14) 118 (2.12) (2.37) (2.) (2.16) (2.46) (2.44) (1.97) (1.81) (2.13) (2.47) (2.43) (2.3) (1.82) 12.7 (19.85*) (1.6*) (.31) (.25) (.24) (.24) 2.5 (.26) (.29) (.32) 4.99 (.35) 16.9 (.69) (.87) (1.2) (1.56) (1.63) (1.83) (11.3*) (5.7*) 6.39 (.12) 4.1 (.7) 7.63 (.12) 3.18 (.3) 3 (.3) 5.6 (.6) 6.55 (.7) 6.16 (.5) 8.71 (.5) 8.77 (.5) 6.76 (.3) (.11) (.18) (.27) (1.6*) 1.62 (4.32*) (.88) 7.55 (.13) 6.38 (.1) 8.66 (.1) 13.7 (.18) 1.29 (.13) 7.3 (.8) 7.54 (.6) 2.95 (.1) 1.35 (.8).58 (.3).91 (.4).6 (.2).88 (.2) (-5.87) (-4.35) (.89) 4.45 (.65) (.61) (.63) (.8) (.72) (4.75) (5.96) (6.12) (8.42) (5.17) (1.47) 5.7 (1.7) (1.54*) (4.4*) 1.2 (.1) 4.59 (.29) (.8) 5.36 (.61) (.7) (.83) (.85) (.76) (.85) (1.31) (2.44) (3.12) (3.67) (3.44) (18.43*) (5.3*) 2.24 (.7).94 (.1) 1.25 (.2) 1.15 (.1) (.61) (1.6) (1.3) (2.1) (1.51) (1.68) (1.31) (1.81) (2.84) (3.46) (8.91*) (8.43*) Source: Gem and Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC), Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India, New Delhi. Note: * The coefficients are significant at α =.1. ** The coefficients are significant at α =.1. Figures in parentheses are percentage change. Figures in parentheses in the last two rows are t-values. 1.8 (.1) (.16) (.16) (.19) (.16) 9.72 (.8) 9.59 (.6) 16.2 (.9) (.7) (.14) (.1) (.42) (3.17*) (2.31**) 49
11 5 Table Growth Rates of the Exports of Gems and Jewellery Products (port-wise) during the Period to 29-1 (Values in US $ Million) Sr. Ports CAGR t-value R 2 F-value No. 1 Mumbai * New Delhi * Jaipur * Chennai * Cochin * Coimbatore Bangalore * Kolkata * Surat * Hyderabad * Total * Source: Ibid., Table 3.5 Note: * The coefficients are significant at α =.1 The trend values of the gems and jewellery products during the period to 29-1 (port-wise) have been displayed in Table-3.7. Mumbai is showing highest trend value (using least square method) of US $ million, as compared to the total trend value of US $ 1, million. New Delhi has got second highest position in trend value with statistically significant t-value (4.7*). On the other hand, the least trend value, i.e., US $ 1.62 million and 4.32* t-value has been displayed by Cochin. In the end, almost all the coefficients are statistically significant at α =.1 per cent level of significance.
12 Table Trend values of the Exports of Gems and Jewellery Products (port-wise) during the Period to (Values in US $ Million) Sr. Ports Trend t-value R 2 F-value No. Values 1 Mumbai * New Delhi * Jaipur * Chennai * Cochin * Coimbatore Banglore * Kolkata * Surat * Hyderabad ** Total * Source: Ibid., Table 3.5 Note: * The coefficients are significant at α =.1 ** The coefficients are significant at α =.1. Table -3.8 narrates the indices and coefficients of variations of the gems and jewellery exports from various ports in value terms during the period from to The Table explores that the indices of the exports of various ports have increased tremendously except Coimbatore over the study period. However, the indices of Mumbai, New Delhi, Jaipur, Chennai, Cochin, Coimbatore, Bangalore, Kolkata, Surat, Hyderabad and total of ports ranges from to , 7.63 to , to , to , to , to , to , to 45., to , to , to , respectively. In the end, the last row of the Table shows the coefficients of variations of
13 Table 3.8 Indices of Value of Gems and Jewellery Exports (port-wise) during the Period to 29-1 (Values in US $ Million) Year Mumbai New Delhi Jaipur Chennai Cochin Coimbatore Bangalore Kolkata Surat Hyderabad Total C.V Source: Ibid., Table
14 9 Figure 3.2 Indices of Value of Gems and Jewellery Exports (port-wise) during the Period to Mumbai New Delhi Jaipur Chennai Cochin Coimbatore Bangalore Kolkata Surat Hyderabad Total Source:Ibid.,Table Index Value Year
15 indices of the value of exports of gems and jewellery products from ports for the study period and it has been observed that the lowest coefficient of variations of Mumbai and highest coefficient of variations of Bangalore (ranges from to ). This type of analysis of the exports indices is very useful in formulating the appropriate policies about various exports clusters of India. Table-3.9 shows that the total exports of gems and jewellery from India and total exports of gems and jewellery from Santacruz Electronic Export Processing Zone (SEEPZ) SEZ, Mumbai along with value of exports in Rs. crore during the period to Column 3 of the Table vividly shows that exports of gems and jewellery from SEEPZ have been continuously increasing except in year 29-1 with per cent Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) and Rs crore as its annual trend values are statistically significant at α =.1. Similarly, column 2 represents that India s total exports of gems and jewellery in absolute term is continuously increasing. Its CAGR and trend values are per cent and Rs crore respectively. Column 4 shows that the exports from SEEPZ as percentage of total gems and jewellery exports. It has been increasing but with a fluctuating rate. Table-3.1 narrates the indices and coefficient of variations of the total gems and jewellery exports taken in value terms during the period to The Table explores that the indices of the exports of the gems and jewellery have been in fluctuating nature. Likewise, the indices of gems and jewellery exports from SEEPZ SEZ, Mumbai and total gems and jewellery exports ranges from to , to , respectively. Further, the last row of the table gives the coefficient of variations of the gems and jewellery exports over these twenty years in value terms. It has been also observed that the coefficient of variations of exports from SEEPZ, SEZ ( ) is greater than coefficient of variations of total gems and jewellery exports ( ). So the comparative picture of exports highlights that there is an increasing trend in exports of gems and jewellery. 54
16 Table 3.9 Exports of Gems and Jewellery from SEEPZ-SEZ, Mumbai during the Period to 29-1 (Values in Rs. Crores) YEAR Total Exports of Gems and Jewellery Exports of Gems and Jewellery From SEEPZ, Mumbai Percentage Change CAGR (3.74*) (16.49*) Trends values (11.1*) (13.28*) Source: Gem and Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC), Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India, New Delhi. Note: * The coefficients are significant at α =.1. Figures in parentheses are t-values. 55
17 56 Table 3.1 Indices of Total Exports of Gems and Jewellery during the Period to 29-1 (Values in Rs. Crores) YEAR Source: Ibid., Table 3.9 Total Exports of Gems and Jewellery Exports of Gems and Jewellery From SEEPZ, Mumbai C. V
18 57 Figure 3.3 Indices of Exports of Gems and Jewellery from SEEPZ-SEZ, Mumbai during Period to Total Exports of Gem and Jewellery Index Value Exports of Gem and Jewellery from SEEPZ, Mumbai Year Source: Ibid., Table 3.9
19 58 GEMS AND JEWELLERY INDUSTRY: A GLITTERING SECTOR: The gems and jewellery sector is largely unorganized at present. The industry is dominated by family jewellers, who constitute nearly 96 per cent of the market. However, just as in the case of jewellery, the share of organized sector has increased significantly in recent years due to an increase in demand for better quality finished jewellery products. And, India was one of the first countries to start making fine jewellery from minerals and metals and even today, most of the jewellery made in India is hand-made. Figure 3.4 Structure of Gems and Jewellery Industry of India 4% 96% Organised Retaillers Family Jewellers The Indiann jewellery market is one of the largest in the world. The emergence of branded jewellery is a new trend that is shaping the Indian jewellery market. Branded jewellery is a relatively new concept in the sector, and has positioned itself on the quality, reliability and wearability factors. Traditional handcrafted jewellery is slowly givingg way to machine-made jewellery.
20 Figure-3.5 shows that the Indian jewellery market size at US $ 12,667 million, is second only the US market of US $ 4, million. According to Gem and Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC) the gold jewellery market is growing at 15 per cent per annum and the diamond jewellery market, at 27 per cent per annum. Figure Comparative Jewellery Market Size US $ million Italy USA Japan china India Markets Source: The World Outlook for Jewellery-Prof. Philip M. Parker, Insead Table-3.11 shows that the proportion of gold in jewellery is measured on the carat scale. Pure gold is designated 24 carat, which compares with fineness by which bar gold is defined. In India, as also in the Middle East and South East Asia, jewellery is traditionally 22 carat. The most widely used alloys for jewellery in Europe are 18 and 14 carat while 14 carat gold jewellery dominates in the US, 9 carat is popular in Britain. In China, Hong Kong and some other parts of Asia, chukkam or pure gold jewellery of 99 fineness are popular.
21 Table 3.11 Gold Caratage and Fineness Caratage Fineness % Gold 24 1, Source: World Gold Council. Table 3.12 shows a comparative picture of four gems and jewellery product groups exports as described in the footnote to the Table. The export of these product groups of gems and jewellery have been further classified into seven country groups (i.e. Group A to Group G) and have been shown in the given Table. This kind of classification and grouping of the importing countries provide invaluable information regarding the demand of various types of gems and jewellery products. The analysis reveals that Group A countries are in the dire need of all the products under study. The remaining six groups of countries (Group B to Group G) are also in the demand of these products. On the basis of CAGR of exports to the various countries the intercomparison analysis of the product groups of gems and jewellery has also been made. Parenthetical figures of CAGR columns are the t-values that denote their importance at various levels. From the Table it is clear that there are some negative values of CAGR for these exports to some countries. The reason might be occasional local disturbances in the importing countries. This kind of empirical information is highly important regarding appropriate decision in the area of export-import policy. 6
22 Country Group Group-A Group-B Group-C Group -E Sr. No. Table 3.12 Inter Comparison of Exports of the Gems and Jewellery Products Groups ( to 24-5) (Value in US $ Million) Product Group-I Product Group-II Product Group-III Product Group-IV Country CAGR Country Group Sr. No. Country CAGR Country Group Sr. No. Country CAGR Country Group Sr. No. Country 1 U.S.A (2.1**) 1 U.S.A..97 (.47) 1 U.S.A. 2.9 (9.2*) 1 U.S.A (1.96*) 2 Spain 12.7 (3.43**) 2 Spain 3.59 (2.31*) 2 Spain (1.12) 2 Spain (3.83*) 3 Japan 2.2 (.83) 3 Japan 1.2 (.16) 3 Japan 6.33 (.74) 3 Japan 8.2 (1.36) 4 Belgium 5.5 (2.74**) 4 Belgium (.52) 4 Canada (1.) 4 France (4.53*) 5 S. Korea 7.26 (.49) 5 S. Korea (.87) 5 Malaysia (1.56) 5 Thailand (4.71*) 6 Australia (6.32*) 6 Australia 9.54 (1.66) 6 Italy (9.4*) 6 Israel (1.57) 7 Taiwan 8.66 (1.21) 7 Canada 9.83 (1.83) 7 Taiwan (2.12*) 7 U.A.E (-.28) 8 Singapore (4.56*) 8 Malaysia (2.8**) 8 Singapore (13.74*) 8 Kuwait (-.23) 9 U.K (2.39**) 9 Italy (-.27) 9 U.K (4.32*) 9 Switzerland 4.8 (.95) 1 France 22.1 (2.15**) 1 Bahrain (2.16**) 1 U.A.E (4.81*) 1 Bahrain 7.46 (.78) 11 Thailand (3.91*) 11 Germany (-.57*) 11 Kuwait (-1.23) 11 Germany (2.79**) 12 Israel (3.6**) 12 Hong Kong (-2.65) 12 Switzerland (.6) 12 Hong Kong (-.56) Group-A Group-B Group-D Group-F Source: Ibid., Table-3.1 Note: * The coefficients are significant at α =.1 ** The coefficients are significant at α =.1 Group-A Group-D Group-C Group-G Group-A Group-E Group-G Group-F 61 CAGR
23 Figures in parentheses are t-value. 62
24 63 Product Group-I = Cut and Polished Diamonds Product Group-II = Coloured Gemstones Product Group-III = Gold Jewellery Product Group-IV = Other Items of Gems and Jewellery Exports. Countries Groups Table Two Way Classification of CAGR for India s Exports of Gems and Jewellery Products (Value in US $ Million) Product Group I Product Group II Product Group III Product Group IV Highest Lowest Countries Highest Lowest Countries Highest Lowest Countries Highest Growth Growth Groups Growth Growth Groups Growth Growth Groups Growth Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate Rate Group-A 12.7 (Spain) 2.2 (Japan) Group-A 3.59 (Spain) Group-B Group-B (Australia) (Belgium) (Belgium) Group-C Group-D (Singapore) (Taiwan) (Malaysia) Group-E Group-F (France) (Thailand) (Bahrain) Source: Ibid.,Table-3.1 Note: Product Group-I = Cut and Polished Diamonds Product Group-II = Coloured Gemstones Product Group-III = Gold Jewellery Product Group-IV = Other Items of Gems and Jewellery Exports.97 (USA) 9.54 (Australia) (Italy) (Hong Kong) Group-A 2.9 (USA) Group-D (Malaysia) Group-C (Taiwan) Group-G (UAE) 6.33 (Japan) (Canada) 1.26 (UK) (Kuwait) Group-A (Spain) Group-E (Thailand) Group-G 4.8 (Switzerland) Group-F (Germany) Lowest Growth Rate 8.2 (Japan) (Israel) (Kuwait) (Hong Kong)
25 Table-3.13, derived from the Table-3.12, clearly gives two way classifications of the exports of gems and jewellery products. This Table shows both the highest and lowest growth rates for the products under study for each category of the importing countries. For instance, the highest growth rates in the product groups are 12.7, 3.59, 2.9 and respectively in countries of Group A and similarly the lowest growth rates for the same groups are 2.2,.97, 6.33 and 8.2 respectively. The same kind of interpretations for such remaining combinations may be produced on similar lines. 64
26 65 NOTES AND REFERENCE 1. Government of India (21), The Sparkle of Success: The Indian Gem and Jewellery Industry, Gem and Jewellery Export Promotion Council, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India, New Delhi. 2. Export Import Bank (21), Indian Gem and jewellery: A Sector Study, Occasional Paper no. 138, Quest Publications, Mumbai, Online from Ishita Mukherjee (28), Gems and Jewellery Industry: Global and Indian Scenario, The Icfai University Press, Hyderabad. 4. DAVOS (26), Gems and Jewellery, IBEF Report January 25-29, Available from
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Published by Mahendra Publication Pvt. Ltd. E- 42, 43, 44, Sector - 7, Noida- 201301 Uttar Pradesh, India. All Rights Reserved, First Edition, February 2017 ISBN 978-93-87241-14-5 Printed in India at Copyright
2018 Trade Analysis Series Pakistan Leather Garments Sector (2017-18) Trade Analysis Series Turn Potential into Profit! Ministry of Industries and Production Government of Pakistan www.smeda.org.pk UAN:
The information provided in this section is derived from various public and private publications. This information has not been prepared or independently verified by the Company, the Vendors, the Directors,
Innovation in Gems and Jewellery industry in India A pilot study A study supported by NSTMIS, DST Study conducted by Centre For Knowledge, Ideas, and Development Studies (KnIDS), Kolkata, Delhi Preface
Contents Diamond exporters look to domestic market as rupee gains strength... 2 Gems & jewellery exports fall 17% in 2012... 3 Gems and jewellery exports fall 9% in 2012-13... 4 RBI to allow gold imports
GEMS AND JEWELLERY August 2018 Table of Content Executive Summary......3 Advantage India......4 Market Overview and Trends...6 Strategies Adopted......13 Growth Drivers and Opportunities.....15 Industry
June Hong Kong Jewellery & Gem Fair 2013 Visitor Survey Report Survey Summary Total number of visitors: 25,925 Total number of online surveys successfully sent out: 19,371 Total number of surveys collected
CHAPTER NO 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Entrepreneurship: The term entrepreneur is derived from the French word enterprendre. This means to undertake. Joseph A Schumpeter defines an entrepreneur as an idea man and
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Can't see images? Click here... THE COTTON TEXTILES EXPORT PROMOTION COUNCIL (Sponsored By Government of INDIA) Engineering Centre, 5th Floor, 9, Mathew Road, Mumbai - 400 004. Maharashtra State, INDIA.
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China International Gold, Jewellery & Gem Fair Shanghai 2011 Visitor Survey Report Survey Summary Total number of visitors: 8,493 Invited online survey: 1,653 Open rate: 228 Completed online survey: 71
0th th September 0 VICENZAORO FALL IS OVER. SIGNS OF TRUST FROM THE GOLD & JEWELLERY INDUSTRY VICENZAORO Fall, Fiera di Vicenza s International jewellery show, which brought together 00 Italian and foreign
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Dr. Mehal Y. Pandya, Retailer of Jewellery (Real Jewellery):, The Gems & Jewellery industry is a fascinating industry in many ways: traditional, on one hand and glamorous on the other. It is going through
EXPO RIVA SCHUH Expo Riva Schuh is the key international trade event dedicated to the volume footwear sector. For over forty years now, supply and demand have been opting to get together twice a year (in
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EMERALD PATERNITY TEST Gübelin Gem Lab Lucerne Hong Kong New York PROVENANCE We are proud to introduce to the gemstone industry the Emerald Paternity Test, a technology to prove the provenance of emeralds
POST EVENT REPORT ON INDIA PAVILION AT CARAT+2017 VIDEO CLICK HERE CARAT+, the newest addition to the Jewellery trade fair circuit and the only international show dedicated exclusively to diamonds, diamond
S u g g e s t e d c i t a t i o n : Knego, N., & Delić, M. (2017). Footwear market in the Visegrad Group countries and the Republic of Croatia. In Wach, K., Knežević, B., & Šimurina, N. (Eds.), Challenges
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GROWTH AND PERFORMANCE OF INDIAN JUTE INDUSTRY SUMIT BANIK 1 PARAG SHIL 2 1 Research Scholar, Department of Commerce, Assam University, Silchar. 2 Assistant professor, Department of Commerce, Assam University,
Global Handbags Market: Trends, Opportunities and Forecasts (2015-2020) By Market Category (Handbags-For Men, For Women) By Price- Premium, Ultra-Premium, Ordinary By Region-North America, Europe, APAC,
The Gem and Jewelry Institute of Thailand (Public Organization) Thailand s overall gem and jewelry export value decreased 9.92 percent whereas its import value surged 75.19 percent. Unwrought or semi-manufactured
MAGIC Show, Feb. 16-18, 2016 Las Vegas, USA A Report by Sunanda Santappa, Asst. Director, CLE About the Show - MAGIC an acronym for the Men's Apparel Guild in California is a 83-year-old Trade Show that
TEXTILES, APPARELS & LEATHER SECTOR WISE SNAPSHOT Leather Ÿ The state took its initial steps when Sir M. Visvesvaraya established a Tannery Production Centre to fulfil the requirements of leather processing.
COVER story Time G J E P C S u r v e y for India s Magic Makeover To succeed in today s world, it is not just imperative to produce and deliver, it is equally essential to work on one s image and how one
Textiles Sector Profile India Scenario Overview The Indian textile industry is the 2 nd largest manufacturer and exporter in the world 14.4% share in India s total exports in 2016-17 ` Textiles industry
7th Edition of India Leather Days, Offenbach, Germany November 19-20, 2018 A Report by T. Thanjappan, Export Promotion Officer, CLE India Germany Trade Relations: Germany is one of India s most significant
24 TH SEPTEMBER, 2016 THE LALIT, NEW DELHI Fame Leads. Fortune Follows. Exquisitely crafted Contemporarily designed The business of jewellery redefıned. Celebrating the excellence of jewellery retailers.
From HOMI to homimilano.com HOMI is evolving: three new shows to kick start in 2019 dedicated to lifestyle, bijoux and outdoor. January 2020 September 2019 Fashion&Jewels September 2019 and February 2020
Dear shareholders, The year 2008 has been an exciting, eventful but also challenging year. The global economic situation changed drastically, which also affected H&M. Despite this, our strong expansion
Organised by: WHY GET INVOLVED WITH IN-COSMETICS EVENTS? Pantone 2587 World leading events for personal care ingredients Pantone 255 World leading events ONLY AN EVENTforOR A CLICK AWAY personal care ingredients
SUCCESSFUL GROWTH C20+ REGNSKABSPRISEN, 2 JUN 2016 PANDORA A/S BY PETER VEKSLUND, EVP & CFO DISCLAIMER Certain statements in this presentation constitute forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements
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